Welcome to my blog

This is where I post various musings about wildlife and ecology, observations of interesting species (often invertebrates)
and bits of research that grab my attention. As well as blogging, I undertake professional ecological & wildlife surveys
covering invertebrates, plants, birds, reptiles, amphibians and some mammals, plus habitat assessment and management
. I don't work on planning applications/for developers. The pages on the right will tell you more about my work,
main interests and key projects, and you can follow my academic work here.

Tuesday 15 January 2013

Leaf-beetle Larval Challenge

A few years ago I took on the role of organiser of the UK's Chrysomelidae Recording Scheme. At that time there was no up-to-date identification guide to this family of beetles - to become familiar with them meant spending a lot of time and/or money accumulating papers from a variety of sources, some rather obscure. Fortunately the landmark publication of 'the Atlas' (Cox 2007) listed many of these so it was at least feasible to find them. Then I decided that there should be a new and affordable key - everyone knew this to be honest, but I had both the time (sort of) and stubborn-ness/drive (plenty of that) to write it myself, and so a couple of years later, Hubble (2012) was born! Of course, this isn't the end of the story - keys are after all artificial things and different approaches can be taken. For example, Andrew Duff's 'Beetles of Britain & Ireland' will take a different approach when the Chrysomelid volume comes out (vol. I is here) and that's most welcome. Some genera are inherently tricky (Longitarsus springs to mind...) so having alternative ways of separating them is likely to be helpful, not to mention covering a range of budgets.

However, there is another way in which the story continues. These and almost any other guides you can find cover adults - eggs, larvae and pupae are rarely mentioned. Of course, it is adults that are usually found and which form the core of any biological collection. However, it does mean much of the group's life history is neglected. There are good reasons for this - juvenile stages tend to be small, hidden away (not always the case for larvae though - see below) and tricky to identify, the latter because in many cases they've never knowingly been found. A quick skim through 'the Atlas' shows just how often the words 'Larva - undescribed' are used plus of course larvae come in various stages/instars and these may vary considerably within a single species. A difficulty for sure, but also an opportunity for research and publication, and one that I'm becoming increasingly tempted to work on. To do so will not be easy and those gaps in research may mean a truly comprehensive guide is not yet possible, but I think that there is enough knowledge out there - as specimens, existing publications and the contents of entomologists' brains - to produce something genuinely interesting and useful (e.g. for conservation purposes). First job - collect existing literature, then work through the better known species and lastly fill in as many of the trickier gaps as I can. So, you read it here first  - a guide to the juvenile forms of leaf beetles, but don't hold your breath! And to show that not everything is hidden away and hard to find, I'll leave you with a cluster of larvae of the common dock beetle Gastrophysa viridula doing what it does best - eating dock leaves!

Larvae of Gastrophysa viridula on a dock (Rumex) leaf


Cox, M.L. (2007). Atlas of the Seed and Leaf Beetles of Britain and Ireland. Pisces, Newbury.
Hubble, D. (2012). Keys to the Adults of Seed and Leaf Beetles of Britain and Ireland. FSC, Telford.

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